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Maps & Aerial Photos

Citing Maps and Atlases

Single Sheet Map

Format: Author. Title [map]. Edition. Scale. Place of publication: Publisher, Date.

Example: U.S. Department of the Air Force. U.S. Army Forces in WWII, 1941-1945. [map]. Scale not given. Washington, D.C.: Department of the Air Force, 1993.

Map in a Topographic Series

Format: Author. Sheet Title, Number [format]. Edition. Scale. Series title. Place of publication: Publisher, Date.

Example: U.S. Geological Surveye. Raleigh West quadrangle, North Carolina [map]. Photorevised 1993. 1:24,000. 7.5 Minute Series. Reston, Va: United States Department of the Interior, USGS, 1999.

Map in Series

Format: Author. Sheet Title, Number [format]. Edition. Scale. Series title. Place of publication: Publisher, Date.

Example: U.S. Geological Surveye. The North America Tapestry of Time and Terrain [map]. Version 1. 1:8,000,000. Geologic Investigations Series; I-2781. Reston, Va: U.S. Department of the Interior, USGS, 2003.

Map from a Book

Format: Map Author. Map Title [format]. Scale. Place of publication: Publisher, Date (if known). IN: Book Author. Book title. Edition. Place of Publication: Publisher, Date, Page.

Example: Griffler, Keith P. Underground Railroad [map]. Scale not given. In: Front line of freedom: African Americans and the Forging of the Underground Railroad in the Ohio Valley. Lexington, Ky: University Press of Kentucky, 2004, page 30

Map from a Periodical

Format: Author if known. Map Title [format].Scale if known. In: Article Author. "Article Title," Journal Title volume (year): page.

Example: Smithers, Jane. Regional Cuisine of Spain [map]. Scale unknown. In: Smithers, Jane. "Fabulous Flavors," Excellent Eating 11 (1999): 57.

Facsimile or Reproduction Maps

Format: Author. Title. [format]. Scale. Place of publication: Publisher, Date. As reproduced by: Publisher, Date.

Example: Popple, Henry. 18th Century North America [facsimile]. 1 inch to 50 miles. London, England: 1733. As reproduced by: Harry Margary, 2004.

CIA Outline Map Series

Format: Title [physical/political] [format].Base number. Scale. Place of publication: Publisher, Date.

Example: India [Physical] [map]. Base 802510 (R00903) 12-96. [ca. 1:16,666,666]. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 1996.

Map from the Web

Format: Author if known. Map Title [map]. Date of map creation if known. Scale. “Title of the Complete Document or Site”. Date posted if known. <URL> (date accessed).

Example: North Carolina Dept. of Agriculture. Agriculture Overview [map]. "North Carolina Department of Agriculutre and Consumer Services." Last updated September 2003. <http://www.ncagr.com/stats/general/general1.htm> (accessed December 20, 2004).

GIS-Produced Map

Format: Map Title.[format]. Scale. Database name [type of medium]. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Using GIS software: Title [type of software].

Example: Virginia Railway Network [computer map]. 1:25000. National Transportation Atlas Databases. Washington, D.C.: US Department of Transportation, 2000. Using ArcGIS [GIS software]. Version 8.3. Redlands, CA: Environmental Systems Research Institute.

Map Generators

Format: Author or statement of responsibility. Map Title [map]. Data date if known. Scale; Name of person who generated map; Name of software used to generate the map or “Title of the Complete Document or Site”. <URL> (date generated).

Example: United States Census Bureau. Median Age: 2000, Wake County, NC by County Subdivision [map].2000. Scale undetermined; generated by George McAllister; using “American FactFinder”. <http://factfinder.census.gov/home/saff/main.html?_lang=en > (22 December 2002).

CD-ROM or DVD Maps

Format: Author. Title. [format]. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher, Date.

Example: ESRI Ltd.ArcCanada[CD-ROM]. Version 2.0. North York, Ontario: Environmental Systems Research Institute, 1999.

Real Time Maps

Format: Author. Title. [format]. Date produced and time if known. Scale. "Title of document or site". <URL> (date accessed).

Example: North Carolina Department of Transportation.Current Wake County Traffic Conditions[map]. 03/10/04, 15:07:20. Scale not given. "North Carolina Department of Transportation". <http://apps.dot.state.nc.us/tims/> (10 March 2004).

Atlas Citation

Format: Author. Title. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher, Date.

Example: Orr, Douglas M. The North Carolina Atlas: Portrait for a New Century. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. 2000.

Map from an Atlas

Format: Map Author. Map title [format]. Scale. In: Atlas Author. Atlas title. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher, Date. page.

Example: Hillsborough [map]. Scale not given. In: Universal Map (Firm). Street Atlas of Raleigh, Durham, Chapel Hill & Vicinity: North Carolina. Williamston, MI: Universal Map, 1995. page 26.

Atlas Citation

Format: Source Title.[format]. Scale. Line/roll number. Photo number. Place of publication. Date.

Example: UCLA Department of Geography. Malibu [air photo]. 1:30,000. Photo #17a. L.A., Calif. 1947.

*The citation examples above are adapted from: Clark, Suzanne M., Mary Lynette Larsgaard, and Cynthia M. Teague. Cartographic Citations: A Style Guide, MAGERT Circular No. 1. Chicago: American Library Association, 1992.

Adapted with permission from http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/maps/citingmaps.html