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Writing Tutors: Library Resources

Citation Style Help

Helpful links:

  • MLA 
    (More MLA style help @ Purdue OWL Writing Lab)
    Works Cited: A Quick Guide (a template of core elements)
  • APA
    (More APA style help @ Purdue OWL Writing Lab)
  • Chicago
    (More Chicago style help @ Purdue OWL Writing Lab)
  • Turabian
  • CSE (Council of Science Editors)

For even more writing resources visit the Purdue OWL Writing Lab

What Is a Citation?

A citation identifies for the reader the original source for an idea, information, or image that is referred to in a work.

  • In the body of a paper, the in-text citation acknowledges the source of information used.
  • At the end of a paper, the citations are compiled on a References or Works Cited list. A basic citation includes the author, title, and publication information of the source. 

Citation basics

From: Lemieux Library, University of Seattle 

What Should You Cite?

Quoting
Are you quoting two or more consecutive words from a source? Then the original source should be cited and the words or phrase placed in quotes. 

Paraphrasing
If an idea or information comes from another source, 
even if you put it in your own words, you still need to credit the source. 

General vs. Unfamiliar Knowledge
You do not need to cite material which is accepted common knowledge. If in doubt whether your information is common knowledge or not, cite it.


Formats
We usually think of books and articles. However, if you use material from web sites, films, music, graphs, tables, etc. you'll also need to cite these as well.

Annotated Bibliographies

Writing an annotated bibliography


Need to create an annotated bibliography?

See our detailed "Write an Annotated Bibliography" guide.